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Using Special Relativity to Solve Cosmic Puzzles

lagoon-nebula.jpgQuantum Fluctuations in the Early Universe
     In the very early universe, there were no particles, only photons zipping about at immense speeds. Those photons must have collided with each other at some point or other, resulting in one of them absorbing the other and therefore creating slightly higher energy densities in certain areas (that is, quantum fluctuations in the early universe). Then energy cooled and the photon concentrations turned into tiny concentrations of mass (which particles later began to form atoms as the universe cooled). As the cosmos expanded, the mass concentrations began to form nebulae as they were spread out over the increasing distances -- and gravity began to draw more matter to them and shrink them into the first stars.

How Particles Acquire Mass

    The mass-energy equivalence states that as a photon is emitted from an electron or any other particle, the mass of the particle increases, because the energy (e) is equal to the mass (m) times the speed of light squared (c). This is because the net mass (the energy + mass) needs to stay the same to prevent a particle from changing, say, from an electron to a quark and so forth. This creates a logical explanation for  how mass is acquired, and the Higgs mechanism is not required.

The Higgs Boson: Science Fiction?

Particle Tracks.jpgDo you know the dark mystery that keeps physicists running around with giant magnets? Maybe you were afraid to ask. It is The Mystery... (It's getting suspenseful now) ... Of The Missing Boson!

Funny as it seems, the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) has not been able to detect the Higgs boson. How could that be? It appears to particle physicists that there must be a Higgs boson, yet it remains a hypothetical prospect.

Theoretically, the role of the Higgs boson (this can be viewed as a "force") is to give other particles mass: it is similar to what happens when light goes through air. Light hits the air molecules and slows down: in this manner, particles traveling through a "Higgs field" are slowed down to a higher mass.

But the Higgs boson might not exist. The argument is that Higgs bosons are said to be hadrons made up of top quarks, and top quarks were made in the reheating period of the electroweak era. Now, they had to have mass, or else energy could not have cooled into them. As in E=mc squared, the energy equivalence is to mass, and not matter. When the Higgs boson formed in the quark epoch, it supposedly gave mass to all particles, which like the top quark already had mass.

In the case that the hypothetical Higgs boson is not a reality, here's my "Higgsless model" of how particles get their mass: 

According to Einstein's theory of special relativity, energy is equal to mass times the speed of light squared. Therefore, if a particle transforms its mass into energy, then it is traveling at the speed of light. That makes sense, as photons have no mass and are traveling at light-speed, and as neutrinos are almost massless and travel at almost the speed of light.

One of my counterarguments is that if the resulting particle had no mass, it would not produce energy. But the "rest mass" (the mass that all particles at a standstill would have) would produce energy, and that energy would determine the speed of the particle. This is the simple answer to why the Higgs boson has not been detected in the LHC!


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